Type of Metal Material in the World of Construction

Metal comes from the Greek language, Metallon. In chemistry, metal is a chemical element that is ready to form ions (cations) and has metal bonds.

The metal is one of the three groups of elements as distinguished by ionization and bonding properties, along with metals and non-metals. In the periodic table, a diagonal line drawn from boron (B) to polonium (Po) to distinguish metals from nonmetals. The elements in this line is a metal element in the bottom left is a metal, the element to the top right is a non-metal.


Non-metals are more common in nature than metals, but many metals are present in the periodic table. Some of the famous metals are aluminum, copper, gold, iron, tin, silver, titanium, uranium, and zinc.

Metal Material, metals, Metal Iron, steel, iron and steel

Metal material is grouped into two ie:

Metal Iron (ferrous)

Iron/Ferrous metal (Fe) is an important metal in engineering, but pure iron is too soft and fragile as a work material, construction materials and others.

Ferrous metals are also called carbon or carbon steel. The base material is iron (Fe) and carbon (C),  but in fact also contains other elements such as phosphorus, manganese, silisium, sulfur etc. are simply applied is relatively low.

The manufacture of iron or steel is done by treating iron ore in a high kitchen that will produce crude iron or raw iron.

Metal Iron (ferrous) also consists of two ie:

(steel)
Steel is a metal alloy between iron (Fe) and carbon (C), where the iron as the basic elements and carbon as an element of the alloy. Carbon content in steel is less than 1.4% of weight corresponding to his grade.
According to ASM handbook vol 1:139 (1993), steel can be classified based on its chemical composition such as carbon content and alloys used.

Metal Material, metals, Metal Iron, steel, iron and steel


Here is a classification of steel based on its chemical composition:

(Carbon Steel)
Carbon is an effective and inexpensive hardener. Therefore, in general most of the steel contains only carbon with a few other alloying elements.

Based on the content of carbon, low alloy steel is divided into three kinds, namely:

  • (Low Carbon Steel)
  • (Medium Carbon Steel)
  • (High Carbon Steel)


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